Changes in Solea senegalensis sperm quality throughout the year. | - CCMAR -

Journal Article

TítuloChanges in Solea senegalensis sperm quality throughout the year.
Publication TypeJournal Article
AuthorsBeirão, J, Soares, F, Herráez, MP, Dinis, MT, Cabrita, E
Year of Publication2011
JournalAnim Reprod Sci
Date Published2011 Jun
Palavras-chaveAnimals, Aquaculture, Flatfishes, Male, Seasons, Semen Analysis, Spermatozoa, Time Factors

Some of the Senegalese sole (Solea senegalensis) broodstock reproductive constraints are related to sperm quality. Although they present two defined spawning season (spring and autumn), males gave semen during all the year thus an exhaustive annual sperm analysis is important to determine the seasonal changes in semen quality. Sampling was performed monthly during one year, analyzing different cellular parameters to better understand sperm quality limitations obstructing sole mass production. The percentage of progressive motile cells and their linear velocity showed a decrease from March (beginning of the first spawning season) to July (when the highest temperatures were observed), followed by a slight increase in August and October (second spawning season). DNA fragmentation values showed highest values between the two spawning seasons and decreased to the end of the year. The percentage of apoptotic cells was lowest in March (beginning of the first spawning season) and the highest in November. The percentage of cells resistant to seawater exposure presented two peaks related with both spawning seasons. There was a tendency for the semen to attain a quality peak between the beginning and the middle of the first spawning season (March-May), followed by a pronounced decrease, achieving the lowest values during the months with the highest temperature. Also, the different males present in the broodstocks reach their sperm quality peak at different times, which will result in an unequal contribution for the next generation.


Alternate JournalAnim. Reprod. Sci.
PubMed ID21571455
CCMAR Authors