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Fish Ethology and Welfare

Short Title 
FishEthoGroup
Description 

We conduct research on ethology and welfare of aquatic animals. Other activities include developing an open-access database on the welfare of farmed fish, providing consultancy services for fish farms and organizing training actions at scientific and industry levels.

Coordinator 

Organiza

Main

The Fish Ethology and Welfare Group develops its activity in 4 main pillars:

  • Fundamental research on the ethology and welfare of aquatic animals (namely fish), including not only proximate mechanisms underlying behaviour such as endocrinology, neurobiology and transcriptomics, but also ultimate mechanisms such as ecology, evolution, adaptation and selection (see publications);
  • An open-access database on welfare of farmed aquatic animals, reviewing essential welfare criteria for all aquatic animal species currently farmed worldwide (see FishEthoBase);
  • Consultancy for fish farms with the aim of establishing welfare standards for aquaculture (see the CAREFISH project);

The Fish Ethology and Welfare Group stems from a collaboration between the Swiss NGO fair-fish International and CCMAR. Fair-fish has been involved in campaigning, research and consultancy in welfare in fisheries and fish farming since 1997, and currently provides the funding for the personnel involved in the group. CCMAR became the institutional host of the research team in October 2018.

 

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Former
Other Past Members 
Pablo Arechavala-López (IMEDEA/CSIC, Spain)
Jenny Volstorf
Sebastian Scholz
Billo Heinzpeter-Studer
Gallery
Publications
Selected Publications 
Saraiva JL, Castanheira MFilipa, Arechavala-López PA, Volstorf J, Studer BHeinzpeter. Domestication and Welfare in Farmed Fish. In: Animal Domestication. Animal Domestication. ; 2018. doi:10.5772/intechopen.77251
Saraiva JL, Arechavala-López PA, Castanheira MF, Volstorf J, Studer BHeinzpeter. A Global Assessment of Welfare in Farmed Fishes: The Fishethobase. Fishes. 2019. doi:10.3390/fishes4020030
Arechavala-López PA, Saraiva JL. Welfare Of Cultured And Experimental Fishes. Basel, Switzerland: MDPI; 2019. doi:10.3390/books978-3-03921-711-3
All Publications
Arechavala-Lopez P, Pérez-Mayol S, Palmer M, Valero-Rodriguez JM, Sanchez-Jerez P, Morales-Nin B. Tracing of aquaculture-escaped meagre Argyrosomus regius through otolith microchemistry. Journal of Sea Research. 2021;169:102007. doi:10.1016/j.seares.2021.102007
Baduy F, Saraiva JL, Ribeiro F, Canario AVM, Guerreiro PM. Distribution and Risk Assessment of Potential Invasiveness of Australoheros facetus (Jenyns, 1842) in Portugal. Fishes. 2020;5(1). doi:10.3390/fishes5010003
Candela MGimenez, Saraiva JL, Bauer H. The legal protection of farmed fish in Europe – analysing the range of EU legislation and the impact of international animal welfare standards for the fishes in European aquaculture. dA. Derecho Animal (Forum of Animal Law Studies). 2020;11(1). doi:10.5565/rev/da.460
Diaz-Gil C, Alós J, Arechavala-Lopez P, et al. Reversible morphological changes in a juvenile marine fish after exposure to predatory alarm cues. Royal Society Open Science. 2020;7(5):191945. doi:10.1098/rsos.191945
Arechavala-Lopez P, Caballero-Froilán JC, Jiménez-García M, et al. Enriched environments enhance cognition, exploratory behaviour and brain physiological functions of Sparus aurata. Scientific Reports. 2020;10(1). doi:10.1038/s41598-020-68306-6
Arechavala-López PA, Nazzaro-Alvarez J, Jardí-Pons A, et al. Linking stocking densities and feeding strategies with social and individual stress responses on gilthead seabream (Sparus aurata). Physiology & Behavior. 2020;213. doi:10.1016/j.physbeh.2019.112723
Follana-Berná G, Palmer M, Lekanda-Guarrotxena A, Grau A, Arechavala-Lopez P. Fish density estimation using unbaited cameras: Accounting for environmental-dependent detectability. Journal of Experimental Marine Biology and Ecology. 2020;527. doi:10.1016/j.jembe.2020.151376
Muñoz L, Aspillaga E, Palmer M, Saraiva JL, Arechavala-Lopez P. Acoustic telemetry: a tool to monitor fish swimming behaviour in sea-cage aquaculture. Frontiers in Marine Science. 2020. doi:10.3389/fmars.2020.00645
Saraiva JL. Fish Lives Matter! Science-based evidence and directions for humane fish farming. 2019.
Höglund E, Moltesen M, Castanheira MF, et al. Contrasting neurochemical and behavioural profiles reflects stress coping styles but not stress responsiveness in farmed gilthead seabream (Sparus aurata). Physiology and Behavior. 2019. doi:https://doi.org/10.1016/j.physbeh.2019.112759
Oliveira C, McStay E, Cabrita E, et al. Investigating the kisspeptin system in the hermaphrodite teleost gilthead seabream (Sparus aurata). Comparative biochemistry and physiology. Part A, Molecular & integrative physiology. 2019. doi:10.1016/j.cbpa.2019.110624
CASTRO-FERNÁNDEZ JULIA, CASTEJÓN-SILVO INÉS, Arechavala-Lopez P, TERRADOS JORGE, Morales-Nin B. Feeding ecology of pipefish species inhabiting Mediterranean seagrasses. Mediterranean Marine Science. 2019. doi:10.12681/mms.22455
Saraiva JL, Arechavala-López PA, Castanheira MF, Volstorf J, Studer BHeinzpeter. A Global Assessment of Welfare in Farmed Fishes: The Fishethobase. Fishes. 2019. doi:10.3390/fishes4020030
Saraiva JL, Arechavala-Lopez P. Welfare of Fish—No Longer the Elephant in the Room. Fishes. 2019;4:39–0. doi:10.3390/fishes4030039
Arechavala-López PA, Saraiva JL. Welfare Of Cultured And Experimental Fishes. Basel, Switzerland: MDPI; 2019. doi:10.3390/books978-3-03921-711-3
Arechavala-López PA, Diaz-Gil C, Saraiva JL, et al. Effects of structural environmental enrichment on welfare of juvenile seabream (Sparus aurata). Aquaculture Reports. 2019;15. doi:10.1016/j.aqrep.2019.100224
Saraiva JL, Castanheira MF, Arechavala-López PA, Bray P, Studer BHeinzpeter. The CAREFISH project: establishing scientific welfare standards in fish farming certification. 2018.
Projects
News
News 
CCMAR inspires is a series of events organized to nourish the curiosity of our researchers and feed the discussions on scientific topics. The first session is scheduled to next Friday, February 7th, at 5pm and Alexandre...
João Saraiva, researcher at CCMAR, participates in a pioneering study that aims to improve the conditions and fish welfare in European aquacultures, by giving them legal status.
An innovative study reveals that the adoption of very simple measures of environmental enrichment, which means the introduction of structures to improve the environment in the farming cages, contributes significantly to the...
María Cabrera is joining the Fish Ethology and Welfare group to work on FishEthoBase. Welcome to the team!
Adrián will participate in fish welfare research projects related to behaviour and physiology factors. Welcome to our team!