Ca(2+)-Calmodulin regulation of testicular androgen production in Mozambique tilapia (Oreochromis mossambicus). | - CCMAR -

Journal Article

TitleCa(2+)-Calmodulin regulation of testicular androgen production in Mozambique tilapia (Oreochromis mossambicus).
Publication TypeJournal Article
AuthorsMartins, RST, Fuentes, J, Almeida, O, Power, DM, Canario, AVM
Year of Publication2009
JournalGen Comp Endocrinol
Date Published2009 Jun
Keywords11-beta-Hydroxysteroid Dehydrogenases, Androgens, Androstenedione, Animals, Calcium, Calmodulin, Colforsin, Cyclic AMP, Egtazic Acid, Fish Proteins, Glucocorticoids, Hydroxyprogesterones, Male, Signal Transduction, Steroid 17-alpha-Hydroxylase, Steroid 21-Hydroxylase, Sulfonamides, Testis, Tilapia

The Ca(2+)-Calmodulin (CaM) signaling pathway has previously been shown to be involved in the regulation of teleost fish ovarian steroidogenesis. However, a putative role of CaM in testicular steroidogenesis and potential targets has not been examined. To examine whether basal steroidogenesis is modulated by Ca(2+) and CaM levels in the testis of Mozambique tilapia (Oreochromis mossambicus) we have incubated testicular fragments in vitro under different conditions and analyzed steroid output. Calcium-free medium with or without EGTA did not affect testicular basal 11-ketotestosterone (11-KT) and testosterone (T) secretion. However, addition of 80microM the CaM inhibitor W7 significantly reduced basal 11-KT, T and androstenedione secretion. Interestingly, the decreased androgen production by 80microM of W7 was accompanied by increased 11-desoxicortisol output and by the activation of cortisol synthesis in the testis, the latter undetected in untreated tissues. However, production of 17,20alpha-dihydroxy-4-pregnen-3-one was unaltered by W7. This suggests that C17,20 desmolase, 21-hydroxylase and possibly 11beta-hydroxysteroid dehydrogenase are targets for CaM. In addition, androgen production was also found to be regulated by the level of cAMP since incubations with forskolin (FK) significantly increased 11-KT and T output. A cross-talk between the cAMP and Ca(2+)-CaM signaling pathways was detected since W7 administration also decreased FK stimulated androgen production. Altogether, these data show that both basal and cAMP stimulated androgen levels were modulated by intracellular Ca(2+)-dependent CaM and that possibly Ca(2+)-CaM determines the shift in steroidogenesis from C21 steroids to androgens.


Alternate JournalGen. Comp. Endocrinol.
PubMed ID19341736