|In vitro metabolism of pregnenolone to 7alpha-hydroxypregnenolone by rainbow trout embryos.
|Petkam, R, Renaud, RL, Freitas, AMMS, Canario, AVM, Raeside, JI, Kime, DE, Leatherland, JF
|Year of Publication
|Gen Comp Endocrinol
|17-alpha-Hydroxypregnenolone, Animals, Chromatography, High Pressure Liquid, Embryo, Nonmammalian, Embryonic Development, Female, Gas Chromatography-Mass Spectrometry, In Vitro Techniques, Indicators and Reagents, Male, Oncorhynchus mykiss, Oocytes, Ovarian Follicle, Pregnenolone
Tissues taken from rainbow trout embryos at several developmental stages, were incubated in the presence of radioactively-labelled pregnenolone in order to determine the capability of salmonid embryos to metabolize steroids, such as pregnenolone, that are incorporated into the oocyte during gonadal growth and maturation. High performance liquid chromatography was used to separate the steroid products, and gas chromatography-mass spectrometry was applied for the chemical identification of the product. 7alpha-Hydroxypregnenolone, previously known to be produced only by ovarian tissues, was found to be the sole metabolite of pregnenolone metabolism by rainbow trout embryos. Sulfate and glucuronide conjugated forms of 7alpha-hydroxypregnenolone were also produced. We hypothesize that this metabolite provides a pathway for excretion of pregnenolone, enabling the embryo to maintain its own steroid milieu, although the possibility of 7alpha-hydroxypregnenolone also playing a physiological role cannot be excluded.
|Gen. Comp. Endocrinol.