Effect of experimental hypo- and hyperthyroidism on serum adiponectin. | - CCMAR -

Journal Article

TitleEffect of experimental hypo- and hyperthyroidism on serum adiponectin.
Publication TypeJournal Article
AuthorsAragão, CNogueira, Souza, LLopes, Cabanelas, A, Oliveira, KJesus, Pazos-Moura, CCabanelas
Year of Publication2007
Date Published2007 Jan
KeywordsAdiponectin, Adipose Tissue, Brown, Adipose Tissue, White, Animals, Blood Glucose, Glucose Tolerance Test, Hyperthyroidism, Hypothyroidism, Insulin, Male, Rats, Rats, Wistar, Statistics, Nonparametric, Thyrotropin, Thyroxine, Triiodothyronine

Adiponectin, an adipocyte-derived hormone, has been shown to decrease body weight by increasing thermogenesis and lipid oxidation. Thyroid hormones have similar effects. Here we investigated if experimental hypo- and hyperthyroidism in rats would induce changes in serum adiponectin concentration. Adult rats became hypothyroid by treatment with 0.03% methimazole in the drinking water for 28 days or hyperthyroid by subcutaneous thyroxine injections (50 microg/100g body weight) for 10 days. Serum adiponectin level of hyperthyroid rats was 3.2-fold higher than that of euthyroid ones (P < .001), whereas that in hypothyroid rats tended to be lower (38%), but without statistical significance. Serum adiponectin had a positive correlation with serum thyroxine (r = .81, P < .001) and triiodothyronine (r = 0.68, P = .03) and a negative correlation with serum thyroid-stimulating hormone (P = -.62, r = 0.015). In addition, there was a negative correlation between serum adiponectin level and total visceral white adipose mass (= sum of inguinal, epididymal, and retroperitoneal depots; r = -0.43; P = .032), which was reduced by 40.5% in hyperthyroid (P < .01) but not in hypothyroid animals. A positive association between serum adiponectin level and brown adipose tissue mass was found (r = 0.43, P = .03), but not with body weight, which was reduced in both hypo- and hyperthyroid groups. Adiponectin has been reported to have an insulin-sensitizing effect. However, in hyperthyroid rats, higher serum adiponectin level was not accompanied by statistically different changes in basal serum insulin levels, blood glucose concentrations, or glucose tolerance as compared with euthyroid rats, except for a slight increase in blood glucose level at 120 minutes after glucose intraperitoneal administration (P < .05). Therefore, experimental hypothyroidism did not change serum adiponectin concentration, whereas hyperthyroidism induced an important elevation in the serum hormone concentration, with still unknown biological significance.



Alternate JournalMetab. Clin. Exp.
PubMed ID17161219
CCMAR Authors