Evolution of matrix and bone gamma-carboxyglutamic acid proteins in vertebrates. | - CCMAR -

Journal Article

TitleEvolution of matrix and bone gamma-carboxyglutamic acid proteins in vertebrates.
Publication TypeJournal Article
AuthorsLaizé, V, Martel, P, Viegas, CSB, Price, PA, M. Cancela, L
Year of Publication2005
JournalJ Biol Chem
Date Published2005 Jul 22
KeywordsAmino Acid Sequence, Animals, Biological Evolution, Bone and Bones, Cartilage, Cloning, Molecular, Computational Biology, Evolution, Molecular, Extracellular Matrix Proteins, Fishes, Humans, Molecular Sequence Data, Osteocalcin, Phylogeny

The evolution of calcified tissues is a defining feature in vertebrate evolution. Investigating the evolution of proteins involved in tissue calcification should help elucidate how calcified tissues have evolved. The purpose of this study was to collect and compare sequences of matrix and bone gamma-carboxyglutamic acid proteins (MGP and BGP, respectively) to identify common features and determine the evolutionary relationship between MGP and BGP. Thirteen cDNAs and genes were cloned using standard methods or reconstructed through the use of comparative genomics and data mining. These sequences were compared with available annotated sequences (a total of 48 complete or nearly complete sequences, 28 BGPs and 20 MGPs) have been identified across 32 different species (representing most classes of vertebrates), and evolutionarily conserved features in both MGP and BGP were analyzed using bioinformatic tools and the Tree-Puzzle software. We propose that: 1) MGP and BGP genes originated from two genome duplications that occurred around 500 and 400 million years ago before jawless and jawed fish evolved, respectively; 2) MGP appeared first concomitantly with the emergence of cartilaginous structures, and BGP appeared thereafter along with bony structures; and 3) BGP derives from MGP. We also propose a highly specific pattern definition for the Gla domain of BGP and MGP.



Alternate JournalJ. Biol. Chem.
PubMed ID15849363