Impairment of mineralization by metavanadate and decavanadate solutions in a fish bone-derived cell line. | - CCMAR -

Journal Article

TitleImpairment of mineralization by metavanadate and decavanadate solutions in a fish bone-derived cell line.
Publication TypeJournal Article
AuthorsTiago, DM, Laizé, V, M. Cancela, L, Aureliano, M
Year of Publication2008
JournalCell Biol Toxicol
Date Published2008 Jun
KeywordsAnimals, Bone and Bones, Calcification, Physiologic, Cell Line, Cell Proliferation, Extracellular Matrix, Fishes, Vanadates

Vanadium, a trace metal known to accumulate in bone and to mimic insulin, has been shown to regulate mammalian bone formation using in vitro and in vivo systems. In the present work, short- and long-term effects of metavanadate (containing monomeric, dimeric, tetrameric and pentameric vanadate species) and decavanadate (containing decameric vanadate species) solutions on the mineralization of a fish bone-derived cell line (VSa13) were studied and compared to that of insulin. After 2 h of incubation with vanadate (10 microM in monomeric vanadate), metavanadate exhibited higher accumulation rates than decavanadate (6.85 +/- 0.40 versus 3.95 +/- 0.10 microg V/g of protein, respectively) in fish VSa13 cells and was also shown to be less toxic when applied for short periods. In longer treatments with both metavanadate and decavanadate solutions, similar effects were promoted: stimulation of cell proliferation and strong impairment (75%) of extracellular matrix (ECM) mineralization. The effect of both vanadate solutions (5 microM in monomeric vanadate), on ECM mineralization was increased in the presence of insulin (10 nM). It is concluded that chronic treatment with both vanadate solutions stimulated fish VSa13 cells proliferation and prevented ECM mineralization. Newly developed VSa13 fish cells appeared to be appropriate in the characterization of vanadate effects on vertebrate bone formation, representing a good alternative to mammalian systems.


Alternate JournalCell Biol. Toxicol.
PubMed ID17899405
CCMAR Authors