Feeding motivation as a personality trait in Nile tilapia (Oreochromis niloticus): role of serotonergic neurotransmission. | - CCMAR -

Journal Article

TitleFeeding motivation as a personality trait in Nile tilapia (Oreochromis niloticus): role of serotonergic neurotransmission.
Publication TypeJournal Article
AuthorsSilva, PIM, Martins, CIM, Höglund, E, Gjøen, HMagnus, verli, ØØ
Year of Publication2014
JournalFish Physiol Biochem
Date Published2014 Oct
KeywordsAnimals, Chromatography, High Pressure Liquid, Cichlids, Environment, Feeding Behavior, Hypothalamus, Motivation, Observation, Personality, Principal Component Analysis, Serotonin, Synaptic Transmission

Consistent individual variation in behaviour and physiology (i.e. animal personality or coping style) has emerged as a central topic in many biological disciplines. Yet, underlying mechanisms of crucial personality traits like feeding behaviour in novel environments remain unclear. Comparative studies, however, reveal a strong degree of evolutionary conservation of neural mechanisms controlling such behaviours throughout the vertebrate lineage. Previous studies have indicated duration of stress-induced anorexia as a consistent individual characteristic in teleost fishes. This study aims to determine to what degree brain 5-hydroxytryptamine (5-HT, serotonin) activity pertains to this aspect of animal personality, as a correlate to feed anticipatory behaviour and recovery of feed intake after transfer to a novel environment. Crucial to the definition of animal personality, a strong degree of individual consistency in different measures of feeding behaviour (feeding latency and feeding score), was demonstrated. Furthermore, low serotonergic activity in the hypothalamus was highly correlated with a personality characterized by high feeding motivation, with feeding motivation represented as an overall measure incorporating several behavioural parameters in a Principle Component Analyses (PCA). This study thus confirms individual variation in brain 5-HT neurotransmission as a correlate to complex behavioural syndromes related to feeding motivation.



Alternate JournalFish Physiol. Biochem.
PubMed ID24858238
CCMAR Authors