Pre-sedation and transport of Rhamdia quelen in water containing essential oil of Lippia alba: metabolic and physiological responses. | - CCMAR -

Journal Article

TitlePre-sedation and transport of Rhamdia quelen in water containing essential oil of Lippia alba: metabolic and physiological responses.
Publication TypeJournal Article
AuthorsBecker, AG, Parodi, TV, Zeppenfeld, CC, Salbego, J, Cunha, MA, Heldwein, CG, Loro, VL, Heinzmann, BM, Baldisserotto, B
Year of Publication2016
JournalFish Physiol Biochem
Date Published2016 Feb
KeywordsAmino Acids, Ammonia, Animals, Carbon Dioxide, Catfishes, Fish Proteins, Glycogen, Hypnotics and Sedatives, Kidney, Lactic Acid, Lippia, Liver, Muscles, Oils, Volatile, Oxygen, Plant Leaves, Transportation, Water

The effects of transporting silver catfish (Rhamdia quelen) for 6 h in plastic bags containing 0 (control), 30 or 40 µL/L of essential oil (EO) from Lippia alba leaves were investigated. Prior to transport, the fish in the two experimental groups were sedated with 200 µL/L of EO for 3 min. After transport, dissolved oxygen, carbon dioxide, alkalinity, water hardness, pH, temperature and un-ionized ammonia levels in the transport water did not differ significantly among the groups. However, total ammonia nitrogen levels and net Na(+), Cl(-) and K(+) effluxes were significantly lower in the groups transported with EO of L. alba than those in the control group. PvO2, PvCO2 and HCO3(-) were higher after transporting fish in 40 µL/L of EO of L. alba, but there were no significant differences between groups regarding blood pH or hematocrit. Cortisol levels were significantly higher in fish transported in 30 µL/L of EO of L. alba compared to those of the control group. The metabolic parameters (glycogen, lactate, total amino acid, total ammonia and total protein) showed different responses after adding EO to the transport water. In conclusion, while the EO of L. alba is recommended for fish transport in the conditions tested in the present study because it was effective in reducing waterborne total ammonia levels and net ion loss, the higher hepatic oxidative stress in this species with the same EO concentrations reported by a previous study led us to conclude that the 10-20 µL/L concentration range of EO and lack of pre-sedation before transport are more effective.


Alternate JournalFish Physiol. Biochem.
PubMed ID26297516
CCMAR Authors