Effect of C282Y genotype on self-reported musculoskeletal complications in hereditary hemochromatosis. | - CCMAR -

Journal Article

TitleEffect of C282Y genotype on self-reported musculoskeletal complications in hereditary hemochromatosis.
Publication TypeJournal Article
AuthorsCamacho, A, Funck-Brentano, T, Simão, M, M. Cancela, L, Ottaviani, S, Cohen-Solal, M, Richette, P
Year of Publication2015
JournalPLoS One
Date Published2015
KeywordsAged, Female, Ferritins, Genotype, Hemochromatosis, Heterozygote, Histocompatibility Antigens Class I, Homozygote, Humans, Male, Membrane Proteins, Middle Aged, Musculoskeletal Diseases, Osteoarthritis, Osteoporosis, Self Report, Transferrin

OBJECTIVE: Arthropathy that mimics osteoarthritis (OA) and osteoporosis (OP) is considered a complication of hereditary hemochromatosis (HH). We have limited data comparing OA and OP prevalence among HH patients with different hemochromatosis type 1 (HFE) genotypes. We investigated the prevalence of OA and OP in patients with HH by C282Y homozygosity and compound heterozygosity (C282Y/H63D) genotype.METHODS: A total of 306 patients with HH completed a questionnaire. Clinical and demographic characteristics and presence of OA, OP and related complications were compared by genotype, adjusting for age, sex, body mass index (BMI), current smoking and menopausal status.RESULTS: In total, 266 of the 306 patients (87%) were homozygous for C282Y, and 40 (13%) were compound heterozygous. The 2 groups did not differ by median age [60 (interquartile range [IQR] 53 to 68) vs. 61 (55 to 67) years, P=0.8], sex (female: 48.8% vs. 37.5%, P=0.18) or current smoking habits (12.4% vs. 10%, P=0.3). As compared with compound heterozygous patients, C282Y homozygous patients had higher median serum ferritin concentration at diagnosis [1090 (IQR 610 to 2210) vs. 603 (362 to 950) µg/L, P<0.001], higher median transferrin saturation [80% (IQR 66 to 91%) vs. 63% (55 to 72%), P<0.001]) and lower median BMI [24.8 (22.1 to 26.9) vs. 26.2 (23.5 to 30.3) kg/m2, P<0.003]. The overall prevalence of self-reported OA was significantly higher with C282Y homozygosity than compound heterozygosity (53.4% vs. 32.5%; adjusted odds ratio [aOR] 2.4 [95% confidence interval 1.2-5.0]), as was self-reported OP (25.6% vs. 7.5%; aOR 3.5 [1.1-12.1]).CONCLUSION: Patients with C282Y homozygosity may be at increased risk of musculoskeletal complications of HH.



Alternate JournalPLoS ONE
PubMed ID25822977
PubMed Central IDPMC4378978
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